Urban Damage and Airblast Technical Support

Urban Damage


ERDC needed ARA to evaluate detailed normal stress patterns acting on projectile noses during penetration/punching of thin slabs, with nose footprint contours cast in mathematical form (referred to as forcing function).


ARA performed testing and evaluation on:

  • model projectile/thin-slab interactions
  • analyze contacting detonation and breach
  • partitioning of embedded detonation and energy


ARA conducted testing and evaluation on ERDC engines. The forcing function was implemented into PENCRV3D (a rigid body penetration code) and benchmarked against available penetration test results.

Test and Evaluation

Weapons Development, Testing, and Effects

From penetration and detonation underground, to air-blast, to a nuclear attack against U.S. satellites in space, ARA scientists and engineers... more